|Date||26 March 2013|
Caldera Encantada is one of the seven volcanoes in the 135,000-year-old Morros de Bayuyo chain lying between Lajares and Corralejo in the north of Fuerteventura.
The quarry — la cantera de picón “La Capellanía” — is owned by Infrarenta S.A. and extracts lapilli, which is a relatively fine tephra, or fragmented rock that fell from the air in a volcanic eruption. Known locally as picón, this material is used in agriculture and also as an aggregate in construction. This light volcanic gravel has traditionally been used in the arid Canary Islands as a stone mulch due to its ability to suppress evaporation from the soil. It is also said to absorb and retain moisture from the air during the night.
Infrarenta was fined €120,000 in 2005 for working 27 hectares outside of its authorised extractive area. Plans to officially expand the area of its operation and also to restore disused areas of the quarry were submitted to the Canarian authorities in 2009. These were approved in 2011.