Dumbarton Castle

Dumbarton Castle

Dumbarton Castle. 5,500 years ago Dumbarton Rock, which is a plug of volcanic basalt, was an island. As glacial ice disappeared the land rose up and when settled by humans the land around the rock was reclaimed and protected from the sea.

Date

24 August 2016

Location

Dumbarton
NS 39981 74409; 55.93600°N, 4.56332°W

Information

With a strategic position overlooking the Clyde, Dumbarton Rock has been home to fortifications of the Britons, Vikings and Scots for over 1500 years.

Dumbarton Castle is a Category A listed building and is in the care of Historical Environment Scotland.

Further Reading

Dumbarton Castle (Historical Environment Scotland);
Dumbarton Castle (Wikipedia)

Prince Regent's Battery

Prince Regent’s Battery

Prince Regent's Battery

Prince Regent’s Battery

Guardhouse

Guardhouse. The guardhouse was built in the 16th century.

White Tower Crag

White Tower Crag. At 74 metres high, White Tower Crag is the highest point of the Rock.

View from White Tower Crag

View from White Tower Crag

View from White Tower Crag

View from White Tower Crag

The Beak from White Tower Crag

The Beak from White Tower Crag. On the slopes of The Beak there are remains of a fort that was once the capital of the ancient kingdom of Strathclyde. This was a kingdom of Britons that emerged following the Roman withdrawal from Antonine’s Wall in the 4th century and was surrounded by regions controlled by Scots, Picts and Angles.

Steps down from White Tower Crag

Steps down from White Tower Crag

Spanish Battery

Spanish Battery

Spanish Battery

Spanish Battery

French Prison

French Prison

French Prison

French Prison. The French Prison was built c1790. During the Napoleonic Wars the prison held a number of French prisoners of war, including General Édouard François Simon, captured by Wellington’s forces in 1810 in Portugal.

Powder Magazine

Powder Magazine. The surrounding wall of the magazine, which was built in 1748, was intended to protect the rest of the facility by directing the blast upwards in the event of an artillery strike on the powder store. This central store for gunpowder for the castle’s cannon could hold 150 barrels of powder.

Powder Magazine

Powder Magazine

Powder Magazine

Powder Magazine

The Beak

The Beak

Duke of York's Battery

Duke of York’s Battery

View from Duke of York's Battery

View from Duke of York’s Battery

Duke of Argyll's Battery

Duke of Argyll’s Battery

Crane Bastion

Crane Bastion. Crane Bastion was built in order to raise up supplies to the summit of The Beak from the ground 61 metres below.

Looking down from Crane Bastion

Looking down from Crane Bastion

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6 thoughts on “Dumbarton Castle

  1. You had a great day for it, love all the history that goes with a castle. Now how come The Prince Regent, Duke of York and the Spanish all get battery canons, and poor old Duke of Argyle just gets a handrail??

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