Helvellyn

Helvellyn from Red Tarn, flanked by Striding Edge (L) and Swirral Edge (R)

Date

29 August 2019

Location

Lake District, Cumbria
NY 34166 15161; 54.52741°N, 3.01874°W

Information

With an altitude of 950 m (3,117 ft), Helvellyn is the highest point of the eponymous mountain range lying between Thirlmere and Ullswater lakes in the Lake District. Helvellyn is the third highest mountain in England and its summit is managed by the John Muir Trust.

Further Reading

Helvellyn (Wikipedia)
Charles Gough (Wikipedia)

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Lowther Castle

Lowther Castle

Lowther Castle

Date

30 July 2016

Location

Penrith, Cumbria
NY 52298 23805; 54.60713°N, 2.74002°W

Information

The site of Lowther Castle was the ancestral home of the Lowther family, which took its name from the River Lowther running through their lands. Around 1390 Sir High Lowther built a fortified tower with a beacon on top to warn of the approach of invading Scottish armies. Sir John Lowther rebuilt the tower as a country house in 1630 and this was demolished and replaced by a new mansion in 1691 by John Lowther (1655-1700), 1st Viscount Lonsdale. The mansion was partly destroyed by a fire in 1718 and was in turn demolished in 1805 and replaced by the present castle. This was built between 1806 and 1814 by William Lowther (1757-1844), 1st Earl of Lonsdale (second creation), and was designed by London architect Robert Smirke (1780-1867), who also designed the British Museum.

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Sizergh Castle

Sizergh Castle

Date

27 October 2010
Location

Kendal, Cumbria

SD 49904 87863 54.28391°N, 2.77098°W

Further Information

The castle comprises a 14th-century pele tower surrounded by a Tudor house. It is under the care of the National Trust and is still lived in by a member of the Strickland family, who have owned the land of the estate, which covers 1600 acres, since 1239.

Sizergh Castle (National Trust)Sizergh Castle (English Lakes)Pele Tower (Wikipedia)

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Salt Dome, Hardendale Depot

Salt Dome, Hardendale Depot

Date

27 October 2010
Location

Shap Interchange,
M6 Junction 39, Cumbria

NY 58133 12873 54.50940°N, 2.64812°W

Further Information

The Highway Agency salt store is located at junction 39, close to Shap Summit (320m), the highest point of the M6 motorway.

Odd-Shaped Buildings on Waymarking.comShap (Visit Cumbria)

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Hadrian’s Wall, Birdoswald Roman Fort

Hadrian's Wall, Birdoswald

Date

26 October 2010
Location

Birdoswald, Cumbria

NY 61624 66381 54.99051°N, 2.60130°W

Further Information

“Hadrian’s Wall was built by the order of the Emperor Hadrian, following his visit to Britain in AD 122. It was planned as a continuous wall with a milecastle every Roman mile (1.48 kilometres) and two turrets equally spaced between each milecastle. The Wall, with its defensive ditches and large forts, stretched from coast to coast, a distance of 80 Roman miles (approximately 120 kilometres or 75 miles). It formed the northernmost frontier of the Roman Empire.”

 — Information plaque, Banks East Turret 52A

The outer walls of the fort at Birdoswald, known in Roman times as Banna, stood 4.5m tall, a height similar to that of Hadrian’s Wall itself. The fort had East and West gateways onto the Military Way, the main road connecting all the forts along the length of the Wall. It was occupied by Roman auxiliaries from approximately AD 112 to AD 400, and comprised a headquarters building, granaries, barracks and an exercise building.

The longest remaining continuous stretch of Hadrian’s Wall can be seen at Birdoswald.

Birdoswald Roman Fort (English Heritage)Banna (Wikipedia)

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Carlisle Castle

Carlisle Castle

Date

25 October 2010
Location

Carlisle, Cumbria

NY 39636 56099 54.89594°N, 2.94272°W

Further Information

Built to defend the border between Scotland and England, Carlisle Castle changed hands many times in its history. A motte and bailey castle was constructed in 1093 under William II of England and in 1122 Henry I of England built a stone castle on the site. The walls and stone keep were later completed under David I of Scotland.

Carlisle Castle (English Heritage)Carlisle Castle (Wikipedia)

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Carlisle Cathedral

Barrel-vaulted ceiling of the choir

Date

25 October 2010
Location

Carlisle, Cumbria

NY 39851 55925 54.89440°N, 2.93935°W

Further Information

The Cathedral dates back to 1123 when it was was established as an Augustinian monastery. It received cathedral status in 1133 and is today the seat of the Anglican Bishop of Carlisle. Part of the nave was demolished by the Scottish Presbyterian Army for stone to reinforce Carlisle Castle. The 14th-century barrel-vaulted painted ceiling of the choir was renovated in 1856. The East Window is the largest and most complex in England in the Flowing Decorated Gothic style. The window still contains much of its original medieval stained glass.

Carlisle CathedralCarlisle Cathedral (Wikipedia)

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Dixon’s Chimney, Shaddon Mill, Carlisle

Dixon's Chimney

Date

25 October 2010
Location

Carlisle, Cumbria

NY 39463 55664 54.89201°N, 2.94534°W

Further Information

Restored by Carlisle City Council in 1999, Dixon’s Chimney now stands at 270 feet. Completed in 1836 with an original height of 305 feet, it served Shaddon Mill, the largest cotton mill in England at that time. The mill building was converted into luxury apartments by developer Story Homes in 2005. It also houses part of the Cumbria Institute of Arts (part of the University of Cumbria).

Engineering TimelinesHistorical Carlisle

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