Parc Dudley Nature Reserve / Dudley Park Granite Quarry

Incline pulley wheel

Incline winding drum


8 March 2014


SH 52713 58542; 53.10367°N, 4.20151°W


Parc Dudley is a local nature reserve maintained by Gwynedd Council and is located in the Gwyrfai valley just to the south of the village of Waunfawr. The reserve covers an area of 18 hectares on the lower slopes of Moel Smytho and was created in 1994 on the site of a former granite quarry.

The quarry was owned around 1928 by Wolverhampton-based company Dudley Park Quarries Ltd. The quarry was served by a siding of the Welsh Highland Railway and there was a large crushing mill, now demolished, close to Waunfawr Station.



Penmaen West Quarry Inclines

Guarding the incline...


28 April 2012


SH 69331 75442; 53.25982°N, 3.96037°W


These photographs were taken on the inclines rising from the tramway hugging the side of Penmaen Mawr headland up to the levels of the disused Penmaen West quarry, part of the Penmaenmawr Granite Quarries complex.

Brundrits and Whiteway started quarrying for granite on the western side of Penmaenmawr mountain in the 1830s and in 1911 merged with Darbishires Ltd, owners of the quarries on the eastern side of the mountain, to form the Penmaenmawr and Welsh Granite Company. In 1963 the latter became part of the Bath and Portland Stones Firms Ltd. Next to own the quarry complex was Kingston Minerals Ltd, followed in the 1980s by the Amalgamated Roadstone Corporation. The current proprietor is Hanson Aggregates, who suspended quarrying operations in the hitherto active areas of the site in 2008.


Brundrits Wharf, Penmaenmawr

Wharf wall, looking towards Penmaenmawr town with Foel Lus above


21 April 2012


SH 70657 76280; 53.26768°N, 3.94084°W


From this site, now overshadowed by the new A55 trunk road, stone products from the quarries on the upper slopes of Penmaenmawr were exported by sea and rail.

1832 – 1847 Jetty

In 1832 Brundrit and Whiteway of Runcorn began developing Penmaen stone quarry above here at a place called ‘Y Jolly’ for the manufacture of cobbles.

A jetty was erected where coasters could be easily loaded. Wagons carried the setts down on self-activating inclines – the loaded wagons descending and pulling the empty wagons back up.

1847 – 1940s Railway and Jetty

When the Chester/Holyhead railway passed here after 1847 the Penmaen Company constructed a quay with railway sidings for the distribution of stone products by rail as well as by sea.

The first jetty was improved twice in 1872 and 1888. In 1913 a new 200 metre long jetty was built. The remains of the wooden supports can be seen below the wall.

Large concrete storage hoppers were constructed on either side of the incline where it joined the jetty. Built in 1914 and 1923 they had a capacity to hold over 10,000 tons of macadam (crushed stone). Both were demolished in the 1980s.

1940s – 1955 Jetty only

By the 1940s the rail sidings had become redundant. The last ship to be loaded at the jetty was the MV Cadbourne in 1955. The jetty was demolished in 1960.

1987 – 1989 A55 Trunk Road

The Welsh Office commissioned the scheme for the Penmaenmawr Bypass in the 1980s which included the demolition of the disused granite storage hoppers in this area as well as reorganisation of the railway sidings.

The 230m Goat Inn Viaduct that took their place was the most complex and technically demanding structure on the project. This, the associated soft estate landscaping areas, and the rest of the A55 remains under the management of North Wales Trunk Road Agency on behalf of the Welsh Assembly Government.

 — Welsh Assembly Government information board

Penamenmawr Granite Quarries