Rickerby Park, Carlisle

Memorial Bridge, looking towards Dixon's Chimney

Memorial Bridge, looking towards Dixon’s Chimney


31 July 2016


Rickerby, Carlisle
NY 40901 56830; 54.90266°N, 2.92317°W


In 1920 Carlisle Citizens’ League and Carlisle Corporation purchased the land to create a public park at Rickerby for £11,500 as a site for a memorial cenotaph and bridge to commemorate the 10,000 local men and women who lost their lives in the First World War. The 12 metre high cenotaph, which cost £5,000, was designed by Edinburgh architect Sir Robert Stodart Lorimer (1864-1929) and was made from local Shap granite. The Memorial Bridge over the River Eden is of cantilever construction and has a main span of 61 metres. Rickerby Park was officially opened on 25 May 1922.


St Mary and St Nicholas Church, Beaumaris

Viscount Bulkeley Memorial

Viscount Bulkeley Memorial. The high-relief sculpture, situated in the chancel, is by Sir Richard Westmacott (1775-1856) of London, who was in his time Britain’s foremost sculptor of public statues. The inscription on the pedestal reads:

To the memory of him,
whose every action both of
public and private life,
was guided by sound principles
and kindest feelings,
this monument is erected
by his sincerely afflicted widow
Elizabeth Harriet
Viscountess Warren Bulkeley


Thomas James
Viscount Warren Bulkeley
of Cashel, in the county of Tipperary,
in the Kingdom of Ireland;
Lord Lieutenant of
the county of Caernarvon;
Chamberlain and Chancellor
of North Wales;
and hereditary Constable
of Beaumaris Castle;
created an English Peer, May 11th 1784,
by the title of
Baron Bulkeley of Beaumaris;
He was born Decr 12th 1752:
and died June 3rd 1822.

(Westmacott was also the author of the Penrhyn Memorial in St Tegai’s Church in Llandygai.)


25 April 2015

Beaumaris, Anglesey

SH 60441 76152; 53.26393°N, 4.09386°W


The town of Beaumaris was founded in 1296 following Edward I’s conquest of Wales. The church dedicated to Saints Mary and Nicholas was built around 1330 to serve the borough. The chancel is a 15th-century addition. Repairs were undertaken by Bangor architect John Hall (d 1828) in 1825 and restoration work was carried out in 1902 by London-based Gothic Revival architect George Frederick Bodley (1827-1907), who was also engaged in the same year by the 4th Earl of Powis for a major renovation of Powis Castle and Gardens. St Mary and St Nicholas is a parish church of The Church in Wales and is a Grade I listed building.

Further Reading

Church of SS Mary and Nicholas (British Listed Buildings);
St Mary’s and St Nicholas’s Church, Beaumaris (Our Heritage)


Great Strike Memorial, Bethesda

Great Strike Memorial in the garden of the Welsh Presbyterian Jerusalem Chapel, Bethesda

Great Strike Memorial in the garden of the Welsh Presbyterian Jerusalem Chapel, Bethesda


27 September 2014


SH 62443 66693; 53.17948°N, 4.05979°W


This slate slab was placed in the garden of Jerusalem Chapel (Welsh Presbyterian Church) in Bethesda in 2000, the centenary of the start of the Great Strike, which commenced on 22 November 1900 and lasted for three years. The monument was erected by the Transport and General Workers Union (TGWU), with which the Quarrymen’s Union had merged in the 1950s, and which, in turn, later became part of the Unite union.

At the end of the 19th century, Penrhyn Quarry, owned by George Sholto Gordon Douglas-Pennant (1836 – 1907), 2nd Baron Penrhyn of Llandygai, was the largest slate quarry in the world and had a workforce of 2,800 men. When George Sholto assumed control of the quarry he set about reforming its management to maximise his profits and started by disbanding the elected quarrymen’s committee that had played a role in the administration of the quarry under his father’s ownership. Conditions at the quarry were dangerous and extremely harsh, and the rewards for the quarrymen meagre. Following a number of disputes, the North Wales Quarrymen’s Union was formed in 1874 and an 11-month strike in 1896 was unsuccessful in securing a minimum wage. In 1900, union activities at the quarry were banned which sparked a series of events that culminated in what was to become the longest industrial dispute in British history. All the workers withdrew their labour and the quarry was closed until June 1901 when only 242 men returned to work, joined by a number of new recruits. Despite the dire hardships, the strikers held out for three years before returning to the quarry after the General Federation of Trade Unions stopped paying strike pay to the men. During this period many had left the area in search of work elsewhere and the divisive effects of the conflict were to be felt by the community for generations to come.

What I Saw At Bethesda

The reformist newspaper The Daily News, which had been founded in 1846 by Charles Dickens, sent its Special Correspondent Charles Sheridan Jones (1876 – 1925) to Bethesda in order to cover the story of the strike. His articles for the paper provided first-hand accounts of the plight of the quarrymen and also the effects the dispute was having on the local community. A collection of these articles was published in 1903 in the book What I Saw At Bethesda. Jones also played a part in distributing money from the relief fund organised by the newspaper. To mark the centenary of the end of the strike, the book was republished in 2003 by Gomer Press with an interesting biographical introduction by J Elwyn Hughes. Hughes also illustrated the original text with contemporary images from the local area.

Further Reading

The Great Strike at Penrhyn Quarry, 1900-03 (Unite);
The Penrhyn Quarry Great Strike, 1900-1903 (Snowdonia National Park);
Jones, Charles Sheridan, What I Saw At Bethesda, R Brimley Johnson, London, 1903. (Republished with an introduction by J Elwyn Hughes, Gomer Press, Llandysul, 2003.);
Other posts about Penrhyn Quarry



Y Garn – Martin B-26 Marauder, 44-68072, 9th Air Force, USAAF, 1 Feb 1945 – Memorial in Llanberis Pass

Llanberis Pass - Marauder, 44-68072, 1 Feb 1945 (Memorial)

Site visited 12 June 2010 Location Llanberis Pass, Wales
SH 62072 57093
53.09315°N, 4.06119°W
53°05.589’N, 4°03.671’W
Manufacturer Martin Registration 44-68072
Model B-26 Marauder Unit 9th Air Force, USAAF
Crash date 1 February 1945
Further Information
Cwm Cywion, Y Garn – Martin B-26 Marauder; Peak District Air Crashes; Peak Wreck Hunters (1); Peak Wreck Hunters (2); Peak Wreck Hunters (3); B-26 Marauder (Wikipedia)