GeoTopoi

Places and photographs

Capel Garmon Parish Church Cemetery

with 22 comments

Capel Garmon Parish Church

Capel Garmon Parish Church

Date

13 September 2014
Location

Capel Garmon, Conwy

SH 81545 55449; 53.08307°N, 3.76996°W

Information

The former Anglican church in Capel Garmon was dedicated to the Welsh saint Garmon, traditionally identified with Saint Germanus of Auxerre (c 378-448) who visited Britain around 429, shortly after the Roman withdrawal. A number of previous churches occupied the site. The previous one was built in 1789 and by 1862 this had become ruinous and was rebuilt by Lancaster architect Edward Graham Paley in 1862-63. The present building was originally a chapel of ease (a subsidiary church) to Llanrwst before becoming a parish church in its own right in 1927. Ownership was transferred to the Church in Wales in 1939. The building was deconsecrated in 1994, made redundant the following year, and sold in 2006.

Acknowledgement: grateful thanks are due to Rebecca Rabjohns, Estates Officer of The Representative Body of the Church in Wales, for kindly providing some of the historical data.

Further Reading

St Garmon’s Church, Capel Garmon (Wikipedia)

 

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Written by Graham Stephen

September 28, 2014 at 8:30 am

Capel Garmon Burial Chamber

with 8 comments

Capel Garmon Burial Chamber

Capel Garmon Burial Chamber

Date

13 September 2014
Location

Capel Garmon, Conwy

SH 81814 54319; 53.07297°N, 3.76552°W

Information

Capel Garmon Burial Chamber is a Neolithic chambered cairn built during the period 2500 to 1900 BCE. This communal burial site is located in a field close to the village of Capel Garmon, 3.5 km to the south-east of Betws-y-Coed. It is an isolated example of the ‘Severn-Cotswold’ style of megalithic chamber tomb more commonly found in SW England and SE Wales. A passage leads to a central rectangular antechamber with a circular burial chamber off to each side. It would originally have been covered by a cairn some 30 m long and 15 m wide, and this in turn may have been covered by an earth mound. The current entrance directly into one of the two circular chambers was made in the 19th century when the tomb was used as a stable. The monument was excavated and restored in the 1920s.

Further Reading

Capel Garmon Burial Chamber
(Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales)
;
Capel Garmon Neolithic Chambered Long Cairn (stone-circles.org.uk)

 

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Written by Graham Stephen

September 21, 2014 at 8:32 am

Rock Cannon, Pont-y-Pair, Betws-y-Coed

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Pont-y-Pair Rock Cannon on the banks of the Afon LLugwy

Pont-y-Pair Rock Cannon on the banks of the Afon LLugwy

Date

6 September 2014
Location

Pont-y-Pair, Betws-y-Coed

SH 79122 56748; 53.09419°N, 3.80659°W

Information

The rock cannon in Betws-y-Coed was drilled into the bedrock on the banks of the Afon Llugwy by the side of Pont-y-Pair (Bridge of the Cauldron). The 15th century bridge carries the B5106 Llanwrst road over the river. It was originally built for pack horses and later enlarged. It was also used for a time by coaches on the London to Holyhead route until Telford’s A5 road opened through the town.

Further Reading

Rock Cannon — history and method of operation; Other rock-cannon posts

 

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Written by Graham Stephen

September 18, 2014 at 6:37 pm

Miners’ Bridge, Betws-y-Coed

with 18 comments

Miners' Bridge over the Afon Llugwy, Betws-y-Coed

Miners’ Bridge over the Afon Llugwy, Betws-y-Coed

Date

6 September 2014
Location

Betws-y-Coed

SH 77984 56933; 53.09560°N, 3.82365°W

Information

Local miners used to cross the Afon Llugwy via a wooden ladder at this point when commuting to and from the lead mines in the Gwydyr Forest.

Further Reading

Photograph of Miners’ Bridge (Roger Fenton) c. 1855 (People’s Collection Wales);
Photograph of Miners’ Bridge (George Love Dafnis) c. 1900s (Bath in Time)

 

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Written by Graham Stephen

September 14, 2014 at 8:33 am

Old Town Cemetery, Stirling

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The Wigtown Martyrs Monument

Martyrs’ Monument. The marble statue was created by Alexander Handyside Ritchie in 1859 and the encasing glazed cast-iron structure was added in 1867 by architect John Thomas Rochead, designer of the National Wallace Monument.

Date

28 August 2014
Location

Stirling

NS 79079 93839; 56.12190°N, 3.94663°W

Information

The hollow, known as The Valley, situated between Stirling’s castle esplanade and the Church of the Holy Rude, was used as an event ground during the Stuart era. It served as a venue for gatherings such as jousting tournaments, horse fairs and markets. The site is now occupied by the Old Town Cemeteries, a complex comprising the old kirkyard, Valley Cemetery, Mars Wark Garden, Drummond Pleasure Ground, and the later Snowdon Cemetery. By the mid 19th century Holy Rude’s kirkyard had become desperately overcrowded and the adjoining Valley Cemetery and Mars Wark Garden were therefore created in 1857-59. The adjacent Drummond Pleasure Ground, with its Star Pyramid – a monument to Scottish civil and religious martyrs – was completed in 1863. The complex was designed not only as a graveyard, but also as a recreational and educational public park aimed at the increasing numbers of tourists arriving in Stirling since the railway had reached the town in 1849.

The central area of Valley Cemetery features statues by sculptor Alexander Handyside Ritchie (1804-1870), who was born in Musselburgh and studied in Edinburgh and Rome, of three pivotal figures in the history of the Reformed Church in Scotland – John Knox (c 1514-1572), Andrew Melville (1545-1622) and Alexander Henderson (c 1583-1646).

Also prominent in the cemetery is the Martyrs’ Monument, another work by Ritchie. This marble statue was created in 1859 and commemorates the Wigtown Martyrs – Margaret Wilson, 18, and Margaret McLachlan, 75 – who, clinging to their Covenanter principles, refused to recognise James VII as head of the Church and were executed for treason by drowning in the Solway Firth. The Covenanters were members of a religious movement committed to preserving the changes of the 1560 Scottish Reformation (where the Church broke with the Papacy) and to maintaining the Presbyterian system, where the Church was governed by a session of representatives, rather than by bishops appointed by the crown. After the restoration of the monarchy, the Covenanters were persecuted and attending their open-air gatherings became a capital offence.

A £1.7m restoration of the Old Town Cemeteries was completed in 2009 with funding from the Heritage Lottery Fund, Stirling Council, Historic Scotland and Scottish Natural Heritage.

Further Reading

Old Town Cemetery Stirling;
Margaret Wilson (Scottish martyr) (Wikipedia)

 

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Written by Graham Stephen

September 11, 2014 at 6:45 pm

Stirling Castle

with 7 comments

Stirling Castle

Stirling Castle

Date

28 August 2014
Location

Stirling

NS 79123 93971; 56.12309°N, 3.94599°W

Information

One of Scotland’s most important military fortresses, Stirling Castle’s recorded history dates back to the 12th century with most of the present structure having been built in the 15th and 16th centuries. Several Scottish monarchs, including Mary Queen of Scots, were coronated in Stirling and the castle played a key role in the 13th- and 14th-century Wars of Scottish Independence. Stirling Castle is a popular tourist attraction and is in the care of Historic Scotland.

Further Reading

Stirling Castle (official website);
Stirling Castle (Wikipedia)

 

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Written by Graham Stephen

September 7, 2014 at 8:10 am

Cairnie Fruit Farm

with 4 comments

Cairnie Fruit Farm

Cairnie Fruit Farm

Date

26 August 2014
Location

Cupar, Fife

NO 37349 16672; 56.33822°N, 3.01500°W

Information

Cairnie Fruit Farm

 

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Written by Graham Stephen

September 4, 2014 at 6:52 pm

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